Charles Scruggs is a professor of American literature at the University of Arizona. He is the author of The Sage in Harlem: H.L. Mencken and the Black Writers of the 1920s (Johns Hopkins UP, 1984) and Sweet Home: Invisible Cities in the Afro-American Novel (Johns Hopkins UP, 1993). He is the coauthor of Jean Toomer and the Terrors of American History (U of Pennsylvania P, 1998), as well as being the co-author of Hemingway and The Black Renaissance (Ohio State UP, 2012). He has also published articles on Richard Wright, Ralph Ellison, James Baldwin, John Fowles, Raymond Chandler, Alexander Pope, Jonathan Swift and articles on American film.