MA Reading list

Reading List for M.A. Exam

The reading list for the MA is designed to develop students' general knowledge of the history and diversity of literatures in English, encouraging a broad, structured understanding of the discipline while allowing candidates the opportunity for considerable choice to accommodate their individual interests. While acknowledging literary-historical traditions as an important ground of knowledge, the MA Reading List attends to the variety of individual preferences, the increasing diversity of canonical texts, and the changing nature of literary canonicity.

Students must take the new examination no later than their 4th semester in the program to maintain satisfactory progress

From the 186 selections on the MA Reading List, you should choose 42 as the basis for the M.A. Exam, including the required number of selections from each area on the list.   For the number of selections required in each area, see the table below and the instructions included with the lists.  In the process of developing a final individualized list you should consult closely with the members of your committee, all of whom must approve your list before it can be filed.



Total number of selections

Required number of selections to be chosen by student




Renaissance/Early Modern



Early American



The Long 18th Century



19th Century American



19th Century British



20th Century American



20th Century British



World Literature







*In the case of 19th-Century American and British lists, a total of 10 selections are required, including a minimum of 3 from each category.

**In the case of 20th-Century American and British lists, a total of 10 texts are required, including a minimum of 3 from each category.

Allowable modifications of the reading list:

With the approval of the student’s committee, a total of up to 10 selections not on the MA Reading List may be substituted for 10 selections from the MA Reading List; no more than 2 substitutions may be made for any single section of the reading list.


For a downloadable reading list in Word, click here.

Medieval Literature


An asterisk (*) indicates required reading


1. * Old English Narrative and Lyric Poetry


Beowulf (translations acceptable)


“The Wanderer,” “The Seafarer,” “The Dream of the Rood,” “The Wife’s Lament “The Battle of Maldon” (translations acceptable)


2. * Chaucer, Geoffrey (1340?-1400). The Canterbury Tales (Larry D. Benson, ed. The Riverside Chaucer [Boston, 1987])


General Prologue, Knight’s Tale, Miller’s Tale, Wife of Bath’s Prologue and Tale, Clerk’s Tale, Merchant’s Tale, Franklin’s Tale, Pardoner’s Prologue and Tale, Prioress’s Tale, Nun’s Priest’s Tale


3. Chaucer, Geoffrey. Troilus and Criseyde (Larry D. Benson, ed. The Riverside Chaucer [Boston, 1987])


4. Verse Romance


Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (c. 1375-1400) (R. A. Waldron and Malcolm Andrew, eds., The Poems of the Pearl Manuscript, York Medieval Texts [Berkeley, Calif., 1979]; Marie Borroff, trans. [New York, 1967])


5. Allegory and Mysticism


Pearl (R. A. Waldron and Malcolm Andrew, eds., The Poems of the Pearl Manuscript, York Medieval Texts [Berkeley, Calif., 1979]; Marie Borroff, trans. [New York, 1977])

Piers Plowman (“B” or “C” Text): Prologue and Passus 1-7 (E. Talbot Donaldson, trans., Piers Plowman, An Alliterative Verse Translation [New York, 1990] is a satisfactory translation of the “B” Text.)

Julian of Norwich, A Revelation of Love (Marion Glasscoe, ed., rev. ed. [Exeter, 1993])


6. Lyrics (esp. in R. L. Stevick, ed., One Hundred Middle English Lyrics, rev. ed. [Urbana, Ill., 1994], and Maxwell S. Luria and Richard L. Hoffman, eds., Middle English Lyrics, Norton Critical Edition [New York, 1974])


“Myrie songen the monkes binne Ely”

“Myrie it is while sumer ilast,”

“Foweles in the frith,”

“Sumer is icumen in,”


“Lenten is comen with love to toun,”

“I sing of a maiden,”

“Now goth sonne under wod,”

“As I me rod this ender day/by sd wod,”

“As I me rod this ender day/on my pleyinge,” and others from a standard collection.


7. Middle English Drama: Morality and Mystery (Cycle) Plays (Except as noted below, they appear in David Bevington, ed., Medieval Drama [Boston, 1975])



Second Shepherd’s Play (Wakefield), and TWO of the following:


Abraham and Isaac (Brome, possibly from a cycle; in A. C. Cawley, ed., Everyman and Medieval Miracle Plays, [New York, 1959]; also in Norman Davis, ed., Non-Cycle Plays and Fragments, Early English Text Society, Supplementary Series 1, 1970)

Noah (Wakefield)

The Shepherds (York Chandlers)

The Crucifixion (York Pinners and Painters)


8. Sir Thomas Malory (d. 1471), selections from Le Morte d’Arthur (Preferred edition: E. Vinaver, ed., The Works of Sir Thomas Malory, 3rd ed., rev. P. J. C. Field, 3 vols. [Oxford, 1990]; Library call number PR2041 .V5 1990. The Vinaver/Field text is from London, British Library, MS Add. 59678, usually known as the “Winchester Manuscript”; Caxton’s widely available text is also acceptable.)


“Merlin” Section I (= Caxton, Book I)

“The Book of Sir Tristram de Lyones” Section XIV: Launcelot and Elaine (= Caxton, Bk XI, XII, Chaps. 1-10)

“The Tale of the Sankgreal” (= Caxton, Bks XIII-XVII)

“The Book of Sir Launcelot and Queen Guinevere” (= Caxton, Bks XVIII-XIX

“The Most Piteous Tale of the Morte Arthur Saunz Guerdon” (=Caxton, Bks XX-XXI)





Renaissance/Early Modern British Literature


Shakespeare’s plays and Milton’s Paradise Lost are required. For selections from clusters, please confer with Renaissance/Early Modern faculty and your committee.

An asterisk (*) indicates required reading


1. Edmund Spenser (c.1552-1599): Books I and III of The Faerie Queen (1590); and Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603), selected speeches.


2. Sir Philip Sidney (1554-1586): The Defence of Poesie (1595)


3. Christopher Marlowe (1564-93), Edward II ; Dr. Faustus


4. * Shakespeare (1564-1616): 6 plays ( include at least one play from each of the following genres: comedy, tragedy, history, romance)


5. Ben Jonson (1572-1637), Volpone (1607)


6. Amelia Lanyer (1569-1645) Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum (1611)


7. Elizabeth Cary (1585-1618), The Tragedy of Mariam (1613)


8. John Webster (1578-1630s?): The Duchess of Malfi (1623)


9. Sonnet cluster: selected sonnets from Mary Wroth (1586-1640), Sir Philip Sidney (1554-86), and Shakespeare (1564-1616)


10. Lyric Cluster: selected poems by John Donne (1572-1631), Gertrude More (1604-1633), George Herbert (1593-1633), and Richard Crashaw (c.1613-1649)


11. “Querelle des Femmes” Cluster: Joseph Swetnam (fl. 1615-119), Jane Anger (fl. 1588), Rachel Speght (fl. 1597-after 1621)


12. Transvestism Cluster: Middleton and Dekker, The Roaring Girl (1611); Hic Mulier/Haec Vir (1620)


13. Colonial Cluster: selections from Sir Walter Raleigh (c.1554-1618), The Discovery of Guiana (1596); Edmund Spenser (1552-99) View of the State of Ireland (1633); Aphra Behn (1640-89), Oroonoko (1688)


14. “Tolerance” Cluster: Milton, Areopagitica (1644); Anne Askew (1521-46), Examinations (1546-47); and selections from Gerrard Winstanley (1609-52)


15. *John Milton (1608-74), Paradise Lost (1674)



The Long 18th Century (British)


For selections from clusters, confer with faculty in the field and your committee.


1. John Dryden (1631-1700), Absalom and Achitophel, MacFlecknoe, All for Love


2. Daniel Defoe (1660?-1731), Moll Flanders or Robinson Crusoe


3. Jonathan Swift (1667-1745), Gulliver’s Travels


4. Alexander Pope (1688-1744), The Rape of the Lock, “The Essay on Criticism,” The Dunciad Book IV


5. Restoration and 18th c. Drama (choose 4): Aphra Behn (1640-89), The Rover; William Congreve (1670-1729), The Way of the World; George Etherege (1634?-1691?), The Man of Mode; Oliver Goldsmith (1730?-74), She Stoops to Conquer; Thomas Otway, Venice Preserv’d; Richard Brinsley Sheridan (1751-1816), The School for Scandal; William Wycherley (1640-1716), The Country Wife


6. Women in Dialogue: selected poems, short stories, and nonfictional prose excerpts by Katherine Philips, Aphra Behn (164?-1689), Mary Astell, Anne Finch, Eliza Haywood, Mary Wortley Montagu, Mary Wollestonecraft (1759-97), Anna Letitia Barbauld (1743-1825)


7. Samuel Richardson (1689-1761), Clarissa or Pamela


8. Henry Fielding (1707-54), Joseph Andrews or Tom Jones


9. Samuel Johnson (1709-84), Rasselas, “Pope” from Lives of the Poets, “The Vanity of Human Wishes


10. Oliver Goldsmith (1730?-74), The Vicar of Wakefield, “The Deserted Village”


11. Poetry of Sensibility: selections from Edward Young (1683-1765), James Thomson (1700- 48), Thomas Gray (1716-71) William Collins (1721-59), William Cowper (1731-1800)


12. Slavery and Revolution: selected poems and nonfictional prose excerpts



1) Raymond Harris: Scriptural Researches on the licitness of the Slave Trade, shewing its conformity with the principles of natural and revealed religion (1788)

2) Ignatius Sancho: from The Letters of the late Ignatius Sancho (1782)

3) Ottabah Cugoano (aka John Stuart): Thoughts and Sentiments on the Evil and Wicked Traffic of the Slavery and Commerce of the Human Species (1787)

4) Olaudah Equiano: from The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa the African,Written by Himself (1789)

5) Samuel Johnson: “A Brief to Free a Slave” (1777/1792)

6) William Cowper: “The Negro’s Complaint”(1788)

7) Hannah More: “Slavery, A Poem” (1788)

8) Robert Southey: Sonnet Sequence [6 sonnets]: “On the Slave Trade” (1791/1794)

9) Edmund Burke: “Sketch of a Negro Code” (1792)



1) Richard Price: from “A Discourse on the Love of Our Country” (1789)

2) Edmund Burke: from Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790)

3) Mary Wollestonecraft: from A Vindication of the Rights of Women (1790)

4) Thomas Paine: from Rights of Man (1791)

5) William Blake: “A Song of Liberty” (1792)



13. Laurence Sterne (1713-68), Tristram Shandy


14. Frances Burney (1752-1840), Evelina












Early American Literature


1. Book of Exodus (authorized King James edition)


2. Christopher Columbus (1451-1506), Journal of the First Voyage to America (1492-93)


3. Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca (1490?-1556?), La Relación


4. Bernardino de Sahagún (1499-1590), The Broken Spears: The Aztec History of the Conquest (Leon-Portilla edition)


5. Pedro de Castañeda (1510?-1570?), Narrative of the Expedition of Coronado


6. Samuel de Champlain (1570?-1635), Voyages of 1615


7. John Smith (1580-1631), General Historie of Virginia


8. John Winthrop (1588-1649), A Modell of Christian Charity


9. William Bradford (1590-1657), Of Plymouth Plantation


10. Thomas Shepard (1604?-1649), The Autobiography


11. Anne Bradstreet, (1612?-1672), selected poems (from either the Norton or Heath)


12. Mary Rowlandson (1636?-1711), The Sovereignty and Goodness of God (A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson)


13. Edward Taylor (1642?-1729), selected poems (from either Norton or Heath)


14. Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz (1651?-1695), “Villancico VI from Santa Catarina”


15. Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758), pick two of the following: “Images of Divine Things,” “A Faithful Narrative of the Surprising Work of God,” “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”


16. Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), The Autobiography


17. Samson Occom (1723-1792), “A Short Narrative of My Life”


18. J. Hector St. Jean de Crevecoeur (1735-1813), from Letters from an American Farmer: “Letters 1-3" and “Letters 9-12.”


19. Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), Notes on the State of Virginia


20. Olaudah Equiano (1745-1797), The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano


21. Phillis Wheatley (1753-1784), selected poems (from Norton or Heath)


22. Royall Tyler (1757-1826), The Contrast


23. Charles Brockden Brown (1771-1810), Edgar Huntly or Arthur Mervyn (choose one)




19th Century British Literature


1. William Blake (1757-1827), Songs of Innocence and Experience, “The Marriage of Heaven and Hell”


2. William Wordsworth (1770-1850), selected poems and Preface to the1800 edition of Lyrical Ballads)


3. Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834), selected poems


4. Jane Austen (1775-1817), Pride and Prejudice or Emma


5. George Gordon, Lord Byron (1788-1824), selected poems


6. Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822), selected poems


7. John Keats (1795-1821), selected poems


8. Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (1797-1851), Frankenstein


9. Romantic Women Writers: selections from Charlotte Smith (1749-1806), Mary Robinson (1758-1800), Joanna Baillie (1762-1851), Felicia Hemans (1793-1835), Letitita Landon (1802-38)


10. Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-61) , selected poems


11. Alfred, Lord Tennyson (1809-92), selected poems


12. William Makepeace Thackeray (1811-63), Vanity Fair


13. Robert Browning (1812-89), selected poems


14. Charles Dickens (1812-70), choose one: Bleak House or David Copperfield or Dombey and Son or Great Expectations


15. Charlotte Bronte (1816-55), Jane Eyre


16. Emily Bronte (1818-48), Wuthering Heights


17.  George Eliot (1819-80), Middlemarch or The Mill on the Floss


18.  Thomas Hardy (1840-1928), Jude the Obscure or Tess of the D/Urbervilles, selected poems


19.  The Pre-Raphaelites and associates:  selections from D.G. Rossetti (1828-82), Christina Rossetti (1830-94), William Morris (1834-96), Algernon Charles Swinburne (1837-1909)


20.  Gerard Manley Hopkins (1844-89), selected poems


21.  Victorian Prose Writers (choose 3 authors): selections from Matthew Arnold (1822-88), Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881), Charles Darwin (1809-82), John Henry Newman (1801-90), John Stuart Mill (1806-1873), Walter Pater (1839-94), John Ruskin (1819-1900), Oscar Wilde (1854-1900)


22.  Sensationalist Fiction: (choose 2):  Wilkie Collins, The MoonstoneSir Aruthur Conan Doyle, The Adventures of Sherlock HolmesH. Ryder Haggard, King Solomon’s MinesRobert Louis Stevenson, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. HydeBram Stoker, DraculaH.G. Wells, The Island of Dr. MoreauOscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray






19th Century American Literature


1. James Fenimore Cooper (1789-1851), The Pioneers


2. Lydia Maria Child (1802-1880), Hobomok


3. Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882), “Nature,” “The American Scholar,” “The Over-Soul,” “The Poet,” “Experience,” “Fate,” “The Rhodora,” “Circles.”


4. Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864), The Scarlet Letter


5. Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864), “My Kinsman, Major Molineaux,” “Rappaccini’s Daughter,” “Young Goodman Brown,” “The Minister’s Black Veil,” “The Artist of the Beautiful,” “The Old Manse.”


6. Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849), The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym and “The Purloined Letter.”


7. Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1896), The Minister’s Wooing


8. Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862), Walden


9. Frederick Douglass (1818?-1895), The Autobiography of Frederick Douglass, Written by Himself


10. Walt Whitman (1819-1892):

–From the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass: “Song of Myself.”

–Also required (any edition is fine): The “Calamus” sequence, “Crossing Brooklyn Ferry,” “Song of the Open Road,” “Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking,” “As I Ebb’d with the Ocean of Life,” “When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d”


11. Herman Melville (1819-1891), Moby Dick


12. Herman Melville (1819-1891), “Benito Cereno,” “Bartleby,” “Encantadas,” “The Bell Tower,” “Hawthorne and His Mosses”


13. Harriet E. Wilson (1827?-1863?), Our Nig


14. Emily Dickinson (1830-1886), Final Harvest


15. Louisa May Alcott (1832-1888), Little Women


16. María Amparo Ruiz de Burton (1832-1895), Who Would Have Thought It?


17. Mark Twain (1835-1910), Huckleberry Finn


18. Henry James (1843-1916), The Portrait of a Lady


19. Henry James (1843-1916), “Daisy Miller,” “The Figure in the Carpet,” “The Turn of the Screw”


20. Kate Chopin (1850-1904), The Awakening


21. Frank Norris (1870-1902), McTeague


22. Stephen Crane (1871-1900): Student may choose any five Crane stories.


23. Theodore Dreiser (1871-1945), Sister Carrie





20th Century British Literature


1. Conrad, Joseph (1857-1924), “Preface” to Nigger of the Narcissus and either Lord Jim or Heart of Darkness


2. Shaw, G.B. (1856-1950), Two plays from: Heartbreak HouseMisallianceMrs. Warren’s ProfessionPygmalion


3. Yeats, William Butler (1865-1939), selected poems (NAMCP, selection to be determined)


4. Kipling, Rudyard (1865-1936), Kim


5. Ford, Ford Madox (1873-1939), The Good Soldier


6. Forster, E.M. (1879-1970), Passage to India or Howard’s End


7. Joyce, James (1882-1941), Ulysses, or both Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man and Dubliners


8. Woolf, Virginia (1882-1941), To the Lighthouse or Mrs. Dalloway or Orlando


9. Lawrence, D.H. (1885-1930), Sons and Lovers or Lady Chatterley’s Lover


10. World War I PoetsSiegfried Sassoon (1886-1967), Wilfred Owen (1893-1918), Isaac Rosenberg (1890-1918) (NAMCP)


11. Waugh, Evelyn (1903-1966), Handful of Dust or Brideshead Revisited


12. Greene, Graham (1904-1991), Brighton Rock or The Heart of the Matter


13. Beckett, Samuel (1906-1989), Waiting for Godot


14. Auden, W.H. (1907-1973), selected poems (Norton Anthology of Modern and Contemporary Poetry)


15. Spark, Muriel (1918-), The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie or Memento Mori


16. Larkin, Philip (1922-1985), selected poems (NAMCP) or Heaney (1939-), selected poems (NAMCP)


17. Fowles, John (1926-), The French Lieutenant’s Woman


18. Pinter, Harold (1930-), The Caretaker and Old Times


19. Carter, Angela (1940-1992), Burning Your Boats or Jeanette Winterson (1959-), Sexing the Cherry


20. Swift, Graham (1949-), Waterland


21. Smith, Zadie (1975-), White Teeth or Hanif Kureshi (1954-), My Beautiful Laundrette




20th Century American Literature and Film


1. James, Henry (1843-1916), The Ambassadors or The Golden Bowl or The Wings of the Dove


2. Wharton, Edith (1862-1937), The House of Mirth or The Age of Innocence


3. duBois, W.E.B. (1868-1963), The Souls of Black Folk


4. Cather, Willa (1873-1947), The Professor’s House or My Antonia or Death Comes to the Archbishop


5. Stein, Gertrude (1874-1946), The Yale Gertrude Stein


6. Stevens, Wallace (1879-1955), The Palm at the End of the Mind


7. Williams, William Carlos (1883-1963), Paterson and Spring and All, or Selected poems and Spring and All


8. Pound, Ezra (1885-1972), selected poems and Cantos


9. H.D. (1886-1961), Selected poems


10. Moore, Marianne (1887-1972), Complete Poems


11. Eliot, T.S. (1888-1965), The WastelandThe Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, and three essays (one of which must be “Tradition and the Individual Talent”)


12. Cain, James (1892-1977), Double Indemnity or The Postman Always Rings Twice or Dashiell Hammett (1894-1961), The Maltese Falcon


13. Faulkner, William (1892-1962), Absalom! Absalom! or The Sound and The Fury


14. Gold, Michael (1893-1967), Jews Without Money or Henry Roth (1906-1995), Call it Sleep


15. Toomer, Jean (1894-1967), Cane


16. Fitzgerald, F. Scott (1896-1940), The Great Gatsby


17. Hemingway, Ernest (1899-1961), In Our Time or The Sun Also Rises or A Farewell to Arms


18. Nabokov, Vladimir (1899-1977), Lolita or Pale Fire


19. Hurston, Zora Neale (1901?-1960), Their Eyes Were Watching God


20. Welty, Eudora (1909-2001), Delta Wedding


21. Bishop, Elizabeth (1911-1979), Complete poems


22. Ellison, Ralph (1914-1994), Invisible Man


23. Bellow, Saul (1915-), The Adventures of Augie March


24. Mailer, Norman (1923-), Armies of the Night


25. Baldwin, James (1924-1987), Giovanni’s Room


26. Gonzales, RodolfoI am Joaquin or Luis Valdez (1940-), Zoot Suit or Jose Antònio Villarreal (1924-), Pocho


27. O’Connor, Flannery (1925-1964), Everything that Rises Must Converge or A Good Man is Hard to Find


28. O’Hara, Frank (1926-1966), Selected poems


29. Ashbery, John (1927-), The Mooring of Starting Out


30. Morrison, Toni (1931-), Beloved


31. McCarthy, Cormac (1933-), Blood Meridian


32. Momaday, N. Scott (1934-), The Way to Rainy Mountain


33. Pynchon, Thomas (1937-), The Crying of Lot 49 or Don DeLillo (1936-), White Noise


34. Kingston, Maxine Hong (1940-), Tripmaster Monkey or Woman Warrior


35. Anzaldua, Gloria (1942-), Borderlands/La Frontera, or Ana Castillo (1953-), So Far from God


36. Silko, Leslie Marmon (1948-), Ceremony


37. Navajo Emergence Narrative


38. Drama (choose 5 plays by any of these authors): Elmer Rice, Clifford Odets, Tennessee Williams, Arthur Miller, David Mamet, Sam Shepard, John Guare, August Wilson, LeRoi Jones, David Henry Hwang, Eugene O'Neill, Lorraine Hansberry, Edward Albee, Lillian Helman, Suzan-Lori Parks, Thornton Wilder, Neil Simon.


39. Film: From a list of 15-20 films, student to choose 5


40. Prose Writers (choose 3): Mencken (selected essays), Bourne (selected essays), Twelve SouthernersI’ll Take My Stand: The South and the Agrarian Tradition





World Literature in English



1. Jean Rhys (1890-1979), Wide Sargasso Sea or V.S. Naipaul (1932-), Guerrillas or A House for Mr. Biswas


2. C.L.R. James (1901-1989), Minty Alley


3. Derek Walcott (1930-), Omeros or Selected poems


4. Jamaica Kincaid (1949-), A Small Place or Edwidge Danticat (1969-), Breath, EyesMemory


South Asia:

5. Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941), The Home and the World


6. Bharati Mukherjee (1940-), Jasmine or The Middleman and Other Stories


7. Salman Rushdie (1947-), Midnight's Children or Satanic Verses


8. Arundhati Roy (1961-), The God of Small Things



9. Nadine Gordimer (1923-), Selected stories or Burger’s Daughter, or J. M. Coetzee (1940-), Foe


10. Chinua Achebe (1930-), Things Fall Apart


11. Bessie Head (1937-1986), A Question of Power or Maru



12. Robertson Davies (1913-1995), Fifth Business


13. Margaret Atwood (1939-), The Handmaid’s Tale or Cat’s Eye


Australia/New Zealand:

14. David Malouf (1934-), An Imaginary Life


15. Brian Castro (1950-), After China


16. Sally Morgan (1951-), My Place


East Asia:

17. Him Mark Lai, Genny Lim, and Judy Yung, eds., Island, Poetry and History of Chinese Immigrants on Angel Island, 1910-1940.


18. Kazuo Ishiguro (1954-), Remains of the Day or Norma FieldFrom my Grandmother’s Bedside


19. Ha Jin (1956-), Waiting or Under the Red Flag, or Anchee Min (1957-), Red Azalea or Becoming Madame Mao


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